Vistims of Piracy? I think not!

Thank you Dave! I’m glad to be back alive and well : )

So as everything is basically turning into technology and new media has indeed opened doors to much greater and faster products and with that comes a greater opportunity for illegal use. There is also a lack in originality within production. Even within new media technologies, the ideas have come from previous inventions and/or products; and without all of that previous “stuff” there would not be much new media technology even though there is not a great amount of originality or original ideas left in the productions made now. I believe that just like building blocks, people are adding onto previous production and then making it “their own” so I guess that would be considered piracy as well. Also, yes, I also do believe that valuable time, money, and effort is being wasted by the industries such as the RIAA on campaigns and lawsuits to end piracy in which i quite frankly believe that this is never going to happen due to the era of technology in which we are in. I agree with Steinmetz and Tunnell while they describe the “victims” of piracy and that the industry DOES need to understand the culture before deciding the best course of action.

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Storify: Importance of Play Within the Early Years

imagesCA24EUK2Here is the link to my Storify:

http://storify.com/di12td/importance-of-play-within-the-early-years

It is titled “Importance of Play Within the Early Years.” The titles basically speaks for itself and I chose to discuss this topic as it is something I believe in and would love to spread the words of the importance for the sake of children’s  learning, growth, and development. Within my article, I begin with a great quote that puts awareness on the importance play and learning have within one another. Throughout my article one will notice pictures and quotes with great meaning. One will also learn and/or understand about the different forms and stages of play. There is also much about Jean Piaget; cognitive development theorist whom believed that children are active and not passive learners whom primarily learn through play. There is also an article attached called “The Vital Role of Play in Early Childhood Education” by Joan Almon. This article that puts a lot of emphasis on the importance of play. Valuable topics such as the nature of play, development of play, the social, emotional, and intellectual benefits of play, gains in cognitive activities, the demise of play in ECE, fostering healthy play in the preschool and kindergarten classroom; the physical environment, the role of the adult in a [play classroom, supporting healthy play at home, and many other important information in regards to play within the early years setting are discussed within this article. This article is a great read for anyone who wants to learn more about and have better understanding of the vital role play has within ECE. One will also learn more about the different stages and forms of play within my article.

– Dilvin ismail Brock University COMM 2F00

Op-Ed Piece on Wikipedia – Early Childhood Education

wikipediaMentioned by Royal and Kapila (2009), Wikipedia is a rapidly increasing tool and a great way to retrieve all sorts of information as it is a free online encyclopedia. This comes with a great amount of convenience as it is a fast and easy quick stop to retrieve information. Being a popular resource for others, Wikipedia also comes with a downfall. Royal and Kapila (2009) indicated that Wikipedia is frequently being criticized due to, “its user-generated posts.” This has lead to many users of Wikipedia not have much reliability towards it and the completeness of information is frequently being questioned (Royal & Kapila, 2009). Also, due to the fact that the posts on Wikipedia are user-generated, people are paying close attention to the level of accuracy within the information that is being posted. Royal and Kapila (2009), indicate  that “many feel that Wikipedia’s policy of letting anyone create and edit content causes the information to be inaccurate, misleading, or generally incorrect, both purposefully and accidentally.”  With that said I have taken a look at a post on Wikipedia and analyzed the talk section of the post. The topic in which I have chosen to analyze would be one very close to home so that I can already go into the post knowing a bit about the topic. The topic i hose was simply Early Childhood Education (ECE).

Before jumping into the talk section, I decided to check the article posted in order to see the type of information posted. Being a RECE and a student that has been studying early childhood for three years and counting now, I actually found the article misleading in a way as it was not well focused and/or anal. I did not find any inaccurate information; however, the lack of detail within the article can easily lead someone with very little knowledge of the topic with many assumptions. With this post being user-generated of course, I was easily able to catch biases within the article. It was mentioned within the article that play is a theory; now that I cannot seem to wrap my head around. My knowledge within ECE is quite vast and so when I read the article I was not pleased with how the information was presented.  Again, to someone who lacks knowledge within the topic, all of the information provided would most likely appear to be exceptional.

Moving on, once I began to take a look at the talk section of the post, I immediately noticed some comments questioning some of the information within the article in which I was impressed with. An example of this was within someone’s writing was, “Infants and toddlers experience life more holistically than any other age group.” knowing myself, I would immediately as how and need support to back up the point. I later on noticed on the talk page that someone else had commented upon that saying, “This sounds nice.  But what support is there for this?  How do we know that they don’t experience life as holistically as every other age group?” Another thing I found humorous as I am writing this op/ed piece was when someone commented upon this quote, “…many do not seem to understand the importance of educating young children” by saying, “This seems like op/ed material, not encyclopedia entry.” Throughout the talk page, I noticed a lot of critical thinking amongst some of the writers. It was nice to see that they were double checking on what was being written and there were many suggestions in order to make the article better. I noticed that a few of them were in grad school for ECE, while others were RECEs, and some had very little knowledge within the topic of ECE, yet they had many suggestions in order to make the article better such as asking to put direct links to other relatable sites to the topic. Furthermore, I also noticed that there were a few ECE grads questioning upon some of the information such as what the different developmental domains were and the age in which early childhood education goes up to. This lead to a lot of questioning as the ECES all appear to have been taught slightly different information. Regardless, I was glad to see that they were all answering one another’s questions and working well collaboratively to put together the article/post with the most accurate information.

Back to one of my previous thoughts now, to someone with very little knowledge within the topic, this site may just be the right search tool to find information. However, as an RECE and a student continuing to learn about ECE, I believe that the article posted on Wikipedia could have been more detailed. I would personally never use or recommend this site to anyone who is searching within the topic of ECE.

Be sure to check out these blogs in regards to the same concerns of Wikipedia on different topics:

http://ab10sw.wordpress.com/2013/05/31/op-ed-piece-take-advantage-of-wikipedia-the-free-encyclopedia/

http://paideiaposits.blogspot.ca/2013/06/wikipedia-social-constructivism-in.html

Source(s):

Royal, C. & Kapila, D. (2009). What’s on Wikipedia, and What’s Not . . . ?: Assessing Completeness of Information. Social Science Computer Review. 27, 1. pp 138-148.

Wikipedia Site used: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Early_childhood_education

Image retrieved from: http://howtoblog.org/how-to-make-a-blog-that-beats-wikipedia/

Play and Learning Pedagogy Podcast

With a focus on Samuelsson and Carlson’s (2008) article, The Playing learning child: towards pedagogy of early childhood, the purpose of this podcast is to examine the detailed analysis of concepts of play and learning based upon various curriculums and programs mentioned. Further examination will be taken upon incorporating play and learning into a whole notion to enhance pedagogy in creative and more effective way for future generations. The reason in which I chose this article was because throughout my experiences as a RECE, I have noticed that many different early years programs have not put a great emphasis on the importance and connection both play and learning have within an early years setting. With that said, this article put a lot of emphasis on the importance of play within the early years as well as specifically analyzed different early years programs and how they incorporated both notions (play and learning) within their curriculum.

New Journalism, New Publics?

I’ll be honest and say that it is great to have all of these new ways of sharing information at such an ease. With new technology and media, everyone around the world can easily be connected at once. As Dahlgren (2012) mentions, “people and organizations can link up with each other for purposes of sharing information, providing mutual support, organizing, mobilizing, or solidifying collective identities.” With all of this communication comes new digital media that has set new social and cultural forms in which people contribute in (Dahlgren, 2012). This world full of technology and mass media production has set people with a convenient, fast, and easy approach in retrieving news at an instant. This also comes with some negative aspects as not everything is accurate and the full story of a certain event may not be given. Another issue has come to rise with journalists. Hermida (2012) states have that professional aspect in which they are able to present information realistically, yet they are also under much pressure as their role as professionals come to a slight downfall in this era full of technology and new digital media. Digital media technologies such as twitter have opened a new world taking away the traditional ways of journalism (Hermida, 2012). Mentioned by ermida (2012), the main concern in which journalists have is quite similar to my own concern being the accuracy of the information people are reading on Twitter compared to the information they would be receiving from a professionally published news paper article.

 

            With all of these new opportunities with technology and digital media, I am actually not encouraged to participate as a citizen journalism as for I believe that I am not ready to take that step yet in having my voice be heard and take control on a topic I believe in. However, I am thinking on hoping back onto the twitter wagon. I used to have twitter and had many followers, once I deactivated it as it was a distraction in life, I had many followers that were disappointed. I used to write a lot and so when I would tweet anything from my mind, there were many people that would love to hear the things I was saying and helped them to continue their day. I may decide to do that again, however, I do not think that this would be considered as any form of social activism or journalism.   

Sources:

Dahlgren, P. (2012). Reinventing participation: civic agency and the web environment. Geopolitics, History, and International Relations. 4.2, p27.

Hermida, A. (2012). TWEETS AND TRUTH: Journalism as a discipline of collaborative verificationJournalism Practice. 6:5-6, p659-668.

Disrupting the Music Industry

As already mentioned in a previous post, technology is at a massive and on-going production rate. With that comes a world in which products are being digitally distributed and quite frankly causing an illegal act; “digital piracy.”  Steinmetz and Tunnell (2013) defined this act as ‘‘the illegal act of copying digital goods, software, digital documents, digital audio (including music and voice), and digital video for any reason other than to backup without explicit permission from and compensation to the copyright holder.” The majority of pirates today have been categorized as “young people, using computers to download digitized intellectual property” (Steinmetz and Tunnell, 2013). In 2003, the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA) actually instigated a five year lawsuit against consumers of their products and mailed 2,500 pre-litigation letters to 23 universities stating that the students were using university servers to illegally download music (Steinmetz and Tunnell, 2013). After their champagne, with the hope of an end to online piracy, the RIAA was only able to reduce the online piracy (Steinmetz and Tunnell, 2013). Now, one would think that instead of going through law suits and campaigns against their own consumers, the RIAA would invest all of their time, efforts, and money into a strategic plan that would better benefit their business.   

 

One of the great forms of media as we know is music. Music comes with a huge industry and like many forms of digital media, piracy is of course involved. Within the music industry, I find it hard to point fingers at consumers and label them as pirates because quote frankly I believe that within the music industry, half of what is being produced is not original work from the artists. Mentioned by Condry (2004), “what happens with music businesses is likely to influence other publishing and entertainment industries.” With that said, one could say that the RIAA has rights to be upset over such things including consumers downloading music illegally as record companies are not getting any form of profit from it. Now, as times have changed into a world full of technology and digital form of documents, one may now begin to question as to how have “respect for property” within the music industry (Condry, 2004). With the massive and on-going digital world full of technology it is hard to stop “file-sharers” or pirates from distributing music by simply using the internet for example. An interesting point in which Condry (2004) mentioned was that perhaps the music industry association should take a look at why consumers are doing what they are doing and make changes from that; this I find to be a better strategy for the industry as it is very hard to completely stop file-sharers. Investing time, money, and effort within a strategic plan which would benefit the association in the long-run would be a better option for the industry, rather than wasting it on campaigns or lawsuits that appear to not be making a great amount of change for the better towards the music industry.

Sources:

Condry, Ian. (2004). Cultures of Music Piracy: An Ethnographic Comparison of the US and JapanInternational Journal of Cultural Studies. 7 (3), pg. 343-363

Steinmetz, K., K. Tunnell (2013). Under the Pixelated Jolly Roger: A Study of On-Line PiratesDeviant Behavior. 34 (1), pg. 53-67 

Notion of Play in an Early Years Setting

Embedded within the early years’ educational setting, there have been many research studies conducted in order to have a better understanding of how play and learning are taken place within the environment. The notion of play and learning are both essential parts within the early years’ curriculum, yet there has been a great amount of tension amongst both concepts. Play and learning are two aspects naturally initiated by children within the early years and most often it is not differentiable by them. Play is a meaningful experience which stimulates physical, social, emotional, and cognitive development in the early years. According to Jean Piaget (Cognitive Development Theorist) children are active and not passive learners which primarily learn through play. Physical, intellectual, language, emotional, and social skills are all crucial aspects within a child’s development in which they attain during their early years of life. Physical skills are developed as the child learns to reach, grasp, crawl, run, climb, and balance. As a child plays and interacts with others, they are building upon their language development. Learning to cooperate, negotiate, take turns and play by the rules are important interpersonal lifetime skills, all of which play fosters. When children feel secure, safe, successful and capable, they acquire important components of positive emotional health. A child can play with a building toy alone and in the process, develop independence, self-sufficiency and persistence. Playing with the same toy with others, the child gains social skills such as sharing, empathy and co-operation.
– Dilvin Ismail – COMM 2F00 – Brock University